Menstrual Basic Knowledge: You Need to Know about the Four Phases of the Menstrual Cycle

Periods are a natural part of a woman's body. Learning how the women's system operates is crucial because you can use it to help you get pregnant or avoid becoming pregnant, better manage any menstrual symptoms you're having, and recognize when something is wrong. 


Understanding menstruation

Menstruation is the vaginal bleeding that occurs as part of every woman's monthly cycle. Menstruation is one of the indications of puberty, which marks the start of the process of sexual maturation. Menstruation happens when the uterine lining sheds and turns into blood. The blood subsequently exits the body via the vaginal canal.  This occurs because the uterine lining has thickened and become denser in blood vessels in preparation for a prospective pregnancy. Menstruation is also a symptom that a woman is not expecting a child. It happens once a month on average. Menstrual cycles normally begin between the ages of 11 and 14 and last until menopause, which occurs around the age of 51. A woman will have roughly 480 periods in her life, or less if she has had any pregnancies or other medical problems. The period is another name for it.


The duration of the menstrual cycle

The menstrual cycle refers to the time between a woman's first period and her next period. The average menstrual period lasts 28 days, however, each woman's body cycle is unique so it can differ from woman to woman. If your periods occur every 24 to 38 days, they are still considered normal. The menstrual cycle is initiated by the ebb and flow of substances called hormones in the body. Women have longer cycled and are not predictable every month for the first year or two after the period begins. Older women's cycles are usually shorter and more predictable.


The duration of each menstrual period

They often last two to seven days. and the blood loss is about 50 to 100 ml each time. with the most bleeding on the 2nd to 3rd day. To absorb menstrual blood, you should prepare some comfortable menstrual products. Such as menstrual cups, reusable menstrual pads, menstrual underwear, sanitary napkins, or tampons, choosing the most suitable menstrual product for you requires a process of exploration.


Phases of Menstruation:

The menstrual cycle is usually divided into three parts by doctors. The following are the main during the menstrual cycle:

1. Follicular phase
The follicular phase of the menstrual cycle lasts between 1 to 14 days. The first day of red bleeding is considered Day 1 of the period, and when the ovulation occurs it marks the conclusion of this period. While the menstrual period occurs in the early stages of this phase, the ovaries are prepping to ovulate yet again. The level of the hormone estrogen rises during this time, causing the uterine lining to thicken and expand. High amounts of estrogen cause the pituitary gland to release luteinizing hormone, which promotes the synthesis of gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH). The pituitary gland boosts the synthesis of the follicle-stimulating hormone during the last few days of a period (FSH). This stimulates the production of eggs in the ovaries.
2. Ovulation phase
This phase occurs on day 14 of a 28-day menstrual cycle. Because of a surge in LH and FSH the day before, when luteinizing hormone levels rise abruptly, the ovary releases its egg. This mature egg is discharged around day 14. After being discharged, the egg reaches the fallopian tube, where it may fertilize if a woman has sexual intercourse and the sperms are present.  When the follicle covers over after the egg is expelled, the corpus luteum is made.
3. Luteal phase
The luteal phase begins after ovulation. If the egg is fertilized, the sperm will proceed down the fallopian tube and into the uterus, where it will try to attach itself to the uterine lining. After the egg is discharged, FSH and LH levels decrease. Progesterone is produced by the corpus luteum. The level of progesterone hormone rises in order to the uterus lining for pregnancy. The corpus luteum continues to generate progesterone after fertilization, preventing the uterine lining from being lost. If there are no pregnancy, estrogen and progesterone levels diminish, and the thicker uterine lining is removed during menstruation.
4. Menstruation
Then there are periods. Normal bleeding patterns vary; some women have short, light periods, while others have longer, heavier periods. Your menstruation may change from time to time as well. Girls begin menstruation at the age of 11 to 14 on average. Menopause happens around the age of 51 when women stop menstruating. Ovulating stops when a woman reaches menopause. Menopause is described as a year without periods during which a woman is no longer able to conceive.



So, this was a short introduction to periods. Your body prepares for pregnancy on a monthly basis and if there is no sperm for pregnancy the womb starts to shed its lining. Both blood and tissue from the uterus make up menstrual blood. Menstruation occurs when the uterine lining tears and breaks down into blood. The blood subsequently exits the body via the vaginal canal. We hope this helps you better understand your Menstruation!

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